In Genesis 1:14 God, the Creator of the Universe, set the lights in the expanse of the heaven to create day and night and mark the appointed times, special days set aside for meetings with God. Before man was even brought into existence, before sin entered and destroyed the world, before there was Jew or Gentile, God desired to commune with His people. He arranged special meeting days for a specific purpose, to be kept by His people and all who joined themselves to Israel, for every generation. He planned right from the start to weave this beautiful picture into the very fabric of life, a cycle that was to be worked out every year and ultimately illustrate God’s salvation through Yeshua, the Messiah. All of these meetings set up by the Father point to His Son, the Messiah. It is through joyfully celebrating these appointed times that we more clearly see God’s redemptive plan and appreciate the unity and significance of all Scripture.
The spring festivals have been perfectly fulfilled in Messiah’s first coming. In fact not only did Yeshua, the Messiah, fulfilled these special days but He did so at the exact appointed time! He came as the Son of Man, a son of Joseph to be an example and a servant.
The three fall festivals occur in the seventh month and have not yet been fulfilled. Scripture describes the fulfilment of these times when the Messiah returns as the King of Kings, calls His bride to Himself, judges all creation and then reigns on earth and throughout eternity.
- Passover points to Yeshua’s death, burial and resurrection, as the Unblemished Lamb, for the payment of our sins so death would pass over us because of His covering. You can read more about the Spring Festivals in a post, Do This in Rememberance of Me.
- Unleavened Bread illustrates Yeshua’s burial with out “yeast of sin”.
- First Fruits is fulfilled in the resurrection of the Messiah, as He is presented to the Father as the First Fruit of the resurrection.
- Shavuot (Feast of Weeks/Pentecost) is fulfilled in the coming of the Holy Spirit on the people of God, the writing of Torah on our hearts and the empowering of the Spirit to walk in the perfect example of Yesuah. You can read more about Shavuot in a post, Stone, Fire, and the Law on Our Hearts.
- Yom Teruah (Day of Trumpets) points to sounding of the Trumpets, on the day when the Messiah calls His bride from the four corners of the earth. You can read more about Yom Teruah and the Fall Festivals in a post, At the Sound of the Trumpet.
- Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) is a day of prayer and fasting and points to the Messiah’s covering over his people for their sins, and the foreshadowing the day of judgment for creation.
- Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles/ includes Great Last Day) illustrates the future time when the Messiah will again dwell with His people. He will reign as the King of Kings for a thousand years and then on into eternity, with His bride, perfectly sanctified.
Biblical Festival Dates
In keeping with the Biblical command to center the calendar and appointed times around the sightings of the crescent moon (new moon) here is the most reasonable set of dates for the festivals. In contrast current Jewish dates no longer correlate to the new moons.